WATER AGRICULTURE LIVELIHOOD SECURITY IN INDIA (WEALS)

This Program is Funded Under the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) which is an Independent Agency of the United States Federal Government that is Primarily Responsible for Administering Civilian Foreign Aid And Development Assistance.

The Overall Program Goal is to Promote Climate Change Adaptation and Water Sustainability while Improving the Farmer Livelihood and Food Security in three Regions in India, Namely, Gujarat, Punjab and Jharkhand. The program has Two General Objectives and Three Specific Objectives.

THE GENERAL OBJECTIVES ARE

1. Develop and Implement a Public-Private Partnership to Provide Modern Extension Services to Farmers in Punjab, Gujarat and Jharkhand for Climate informed Crop choice and Irrigation improvements to improve Water Productivity, Income and Climate Risk Management.

2. Considering both Chronic Risk from Groundwater Depletion and Weather Extremes, Develop and Apply farmer Targeted Risk Prediction and Management tools, Including Pilots of Policy Initiatives.

THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES ARE

  1. Develop a Hydroclimate-Agriculture-Water and Energy Framework for Integrated Assessment that Improves understanding of Changing Climate and Resource Conditions that Farmers will be Facing, and how it will Affect Crop Yields and Incomes.
    1. Monitoring Based Guidance for Irrigation Scheduling and Fertilizer Application to Reduce Water use and Pollution
    2. Analytical Research on Integrating Climate and Individual Farmer Information to Assess Climate Exposure and Vulnerability and Customize Solution Packages for Farm Level Risk Management.
    3. Analytical Research on Climate and Chronic Water Scarcity Risk and Mitigation Measures.
  2. Identify and Implement Climate-Informed Field Implementable Strategies that will help Farmers to Save Water and Energy. The Strategies would Include both Technological Intervention and Reforms.
    1. Propose/Pilot Energy/Water Incentive System
    2. Use of ICT for Rapid Rata Collection, Surveys, Processing and Best Practice Communication.
  3. Institutionalise a Mechanism for Project Scale-up and Replication to reach out to more Farmers.
    1. Model for Farmer Cooperatives Interacting with Agro-Corporations and State Extension Services for custom Guidance on best Practices.

In order to Achieve the Above said Goals and Objectives of this Program, The Program is divided into following Tasks:

Task 1 : Integrated Assessment of the Hydro-Climatology, Crops, Water and Energy Systems.

Task 2 : Economic Analysis of Short and Long-Term Farmer and State level Outcomes Relative to Climate, Water and Energy Scenarios.

Task 3 : Farm-Level Field Implementation for Assessing and Promoting specific Water and Energy Saving Methods.

Task 4 : Climate and Market informed Agricultural supply chain Development Integrating Farmers and Corporate Aggregators.

Task 5 : Synthesis, Results Dissemination and Policy Change Stimulation.

Task 6 : Scale-up and Future Replication.

This Program was Initiated on 1st June 2012 and CIPT has been Working on this Program for a Period of Seven Years Now. During these Years, CIPT has Developed Several Thematic Areas and Flagship Projects Under this to Achieve Outcomes.

Activities/Flagship Projects Initiated Under The WEALS Program


1. Reforming Water Saving Strategies in Gujarat Through Incentives.

This project was carried out in Northern Gujarat in Partnership with UGVCL where several Interventions such as Tensiometers, Modifications to Field Geometry and Cultivation of less Water Requiring Wheat Varieties (GW11, GW173) were Proposed and Implemented. A Significant shift in Farmer Attitudes Towards Resource Savings was Observed in the Study Area where a large number of Consumers Tried to Save Resources where the Experiment was Carried out Compared to the Areas Outside the Scheme.

2. CIPT-WEALS Model

In Punjab, Integrated Water, Energy, Agriculture, and Livelihood Sustainability (WEALS) model was Developed and was named as CIPT-WEALS Model. Considering Water as the Prime Resource for Long-Term.

Sustainability, The Model Derives The Agricultural Energy Demand from the Water use Itself.

The CIPT-WEALS Model is Based on the following Framework :-

1. Sectoral Assessment of Demand and Supply for Water.

2. Resulting Over-Exploitation of Groundwater Resources and Fall in the Groundwater Table.

3. Future Scenarios for Agricultural Production, Water Usage and Electricity Consumption.

4. Projections for Future Water and Energy Demand and Fall in the Groundwater Table.

5. Long-Term Policy Options for Punjab.

The Model uses the Data on various Parameters from Established sources for the Period of 1980- 2013.
Other than this, CIPT has also Launched a Program called Agents of Change in Khalsa College of Punjab in the Year 2015 which has Benefitted more than 1000 Students and 20000+ Farmers in 80+ Villages. To know More About This Program- Click On This Link: Agents Of Change

Soil Moisture Sensor

Tensiometer

Agents Of Change

3. Sustainable Agriculture and Farmers' Livelihood (SAFAL) Program.

In order to Improve the Livelihoods of Jharkhand Farmers, Various Interventions were needed to Raise Agricultural Productivity. Therefore, CIPT has Launched the Sustainable Villages' Program in Collaboration with Birsa Agriculture University (BAU), Ranchi (Jharkhand).

Following Are The Objectives of SAFAL Program

1. Promotion of Modern Inputs For Better Production.

2. Storing Rainwater for Life-Saving Irrigation in Small Wells.

3. Capacity Building of Farmers to Build Resilience Against The Risk of Climate Change.

4. Building Agricultural Information Networks in Villages.

5. Encouraging Climate Resilience and Developing Value Chains for Crops for Enhancing Farm Incomes.

This Program has been Running Successfully for the Past 4 Years and CIPT has expanded the Coverage of This Program from 10 Villages to 40 Villages in the Angara Block of Ranchi District. Read More About This Program Here: - Click on This Link: SAFAL Program

Seed Distribution in Jharkhand

Director Of CIPT At Field

Wells Of Prosperity-Dhoba

4. Agro Advisory Information.

In order to Empower Farmers with Critical and Timely Information, Researchers of CIPT Developed 5 Different Mobile Apps on Cultivation of Practices for Five Major Crops i.e Rice,Wheat, Sugarcane, Maize and Cotton. The Apps were named As 1. Paddy DSS, 2. Wheat DSS, 3.Cotton DSS, 4. Sugarcane DSS and 5. Maize DSS. Below is the Screenshot of Apps published on Google Play. Other than the Apps, CIPT also Designed Web Portals in Local Languages for various States.

Find out more about these at :

Click on This Link: Gujarat DSS

Click on This Link: Punjab DSS

Other than the above said projects, CIPT has also undertaken following interventions under the WEALS Program-

1. Direct Seeding of Rice.

2. Insurance-Innovation in adoption of technology-PAUTTIS Scheme.

3. Development of low cost soil moisture sensors and tensiometers.

4. Soil Health Card Program in Gujarat.

5. Capacity Building of Farmers, Project Stakeholders, Academicians, Students etc in various states.

6. Dissemination of WEALS Program through several conferences and workshops in domestic as well as on international platforms.

7. Publication of several reports and research studies.

8. Developing partnerships with various organizations to achieve the goals and objectives of the program.

Wells Of Prosperity

Tensiometer

DSS Web Portal

Paddy DSS

Wheat DSS

BCI DSS